This is a game-changing irrigation system, just as irrigation pipe and sprinklers were game changers in the 1930’s and drip irrigation in the 1960’s. The Aquifer Pipe design mimics nature; therefore, the process is proven but will require a new way of farming. Keep in mind the goals are to save water, increase yields and save on labor costs.
Changes in farming to consider:
HOW IT WORKS
Aquifer Pipe is a gravity-fed irrigation product. Pipes are installed at a level grade. This allows the development of a virtual water table across the whole field.
Start by flooding the two side chambers on each latter pipe until full. Allow natural seepage into center virtual water table channel until saturation occurs.. Allow for natural upward vertical capillary action up into the soil. Recharge the full area again to meet soils holding capacity. Irrigated moisture zone will then broaden and overlap, creating a consistent moisture zone blanket.
Irrigation cycle is every 3 – 5 days' cycle, depending on plants evapotranspiration rate and soils.
Will roots block the pipe?
Trees and Vines: 3 points here:
Will the pipe get blocked by soil?
What if I rent my growing fields?
Light rains and on fallow fields: Let excess surface water into Aquifer Pipe irrigation to allow deep percolation.
When necessary to enter field early after heavy rains, open up end cap(s) to allow water to drain out of top soil and into drainage ditch. Can save water in reservoir for future reuse in the Aquifer Pipe.
Aquifer Pipe is a sub-irrigation pipe that creates a virtual water table and moisture zone near the crops roots zone. The moisture zone is accessible to the roots by natural capillary movement. The whole process is very similar to hydroponic growing, but in the field.
The Aquifer Pipe is designed with 2 side chambers that act as subterranean streams feeding water along the length of the pipe. The water then flows through 3/16 holes on the sidewall into a center saturated channel (virtual water table). The number of holes can be added or subtracted based on the soil type.
The center channel acts as the virtual water table, placed at a depth that avoids plows or cultivators. The area above the virtual water table acts naturally,sucking water upward by capillary action. This upward movement is usually 18” to 24” tall and 24” to each side creating a desirable high-moisture oxygen zone to feed plants. The constant availability of water to the roots have shown higher yields of 70% to 283%, as well as faster plant growth. The irrigation system has been described as a natural hydroponic growing system.
* Eliminate water lost to surface evaporation.
* Avoid water lost to deep percolation.
* Avoid fertilizer leaching into ground water.
* Better distribution, not effected by wind or round sprinkler patterns.
CHANGES IN FARMING PRACTICE
* Row crops: 18”- 24” inch depth 3’ - 4’ feet on center (depending on soil test)
* Turf growers: 8”-12" inch depth and 3’ foot on center
* Trees/orchards: center of row 36' depth
* Vines: center of row 30” inch depth
FEATURES & BENEFITS